Smart Writing

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Steven Pinker on Good Writing, with Ian McEwan Steven Pinker is one of the world’s leading authorities on language, mind and human nature. A professor of psychology at Harvard, he is the bestselling author of eight books and regularly appears in lists of the world’s top 100 thinkers.
Linguistics, Style and Writing in the 21st Century – with Steven Pinker The Royal Institution
Does writing well matter in an age of instant communication? Drawing on the latest research in linguistics and cognitive science, Steven Pinker replaces the recycled dogma of style guides with reason and evidence.
Margaret Atwood’s Top 5 Writing Tips National Centre for Writing
We’re excited to present the full, extended interview with Margaret Atwood conducted by our Young Ambassadors Emily Webb and Grace Murray earlier in the year. The interview covers everything from how Margaret started writing, why her novels tackle such challenging subjects and her top 5
Stephen King: National Book Festival Library of Congress
Stephen King discusses his career and new book “End of Watch,” and receives recognition for his work in literacy from Librarian of Congress Carla Hayden at the 2016 Library of Congress Book Festival in Washington, D.C.

The Secret History of Writing (2020) – BBC – Documentary Code Guru Arts Documentary hosted by Lydia Wilson, published by BBC in 2020 – English narration How the invention of writing gave humanity a history. From hieroglyphs to emojis, an exploration of the way in which the technology of writing has shaped the world we live in.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Read more:
The Rosetta Stone, with writing in three different scripts, was instrumental in deciphering Ancient Egyptian.

The Rosetta Stone, with writing in three different scripts, was instrumental in deciphering Ancient Egyptian.

Writ­ing is a medium of human com­mu­ni­ca­tion that in­volves the rep­re­sen­ta­tion of a lan­guage with sym­bols. Writ­ing sys­tems are not them­selves human lan­guages (with the de­bat­able ex­cep­tion of com­puter lan­guages); they are means of ren­der­ing a lan­guage into a form that can be re­con­structed by other hu­mans sep­a­rated by time and/or space. While not all lan­guages uti­lize a writ­ing sys­tem, those with sys­tems of in­scrip­tions can com­ple­ment and ex­tend ca­pac­i­ties of spo­ken lan­guage by en­abling the cre­ation of durable forms of speech that can be trans­mit­ted across space (e.g., cor­re­spon­dence) and stored over time (e.g., li­braries or other pub­lic records). It has also been ob­served that the ac­tiv­ity of writ­ing it­self can have knowl­edge-trans­form­ing ef­fects, since it al­lows hu­mans to ex­ter­nal­ize their think­ing in forms that are eas­ier to re­flect on and po­ten­tially rework. Writ­ing re­lies on many of the same se­man­tic struc­tures as the speech it rep­re­sents, such as lex­i­con and syn­tax, with the added de­pen­dency of a sys­tem of sym­bols to rep­re­sent that lan­guage’s phonol­ogy and mor­phol­ogy. The re­sult of the ac­tiv­ity of writ­ing is called a text, and the in­ter­preter or ac­ti­va­tor of this text is called a reader.

As human so­ci­eties emerged, col­lec­tive mo­ti­va­tions for the de­vel­op­ment of writ­ing were dri­ven by prag­matic ex­i­gen­cies like keep­ing his­tory, main­tain­ing cul­ture, cod­i­fy­ing knowl­edge through cur­ric­ula and lists of texts deemed to con­tain foun­da­tional knowl­edge (e.g., The Canon of Med­i­cine) or to be ar­tis­ti­cally ex­cep­tional (e.g., a lit­er­ary canon), or­ga­niz­ing and gov­ern­ing so­ci­eties through the for­ma­tion of legal sys­temscen­sus records, con­tractsdeeds of own­er­ship, tax­a­tiontrade agree­mentstreaties, and so on. Am­a­teur his­to­ri­ans, in­clud­ing H.G. Wells, had spec­u­lated since the early 20th cen­tury on the likely cor­re­spon­dence be­tween the emer­gence of sys­tems of writ­ing and the de­vel­op­ment of city-states into em­pires. As Charles Baz­er­man ex­plains, the “mark­ing of signs on stones, clay, paper, and now dig­i­tal mem­o­ries—each more portable and rapidly trav­el­ling than the pre­vi­ous—pro­vided means for in­creas­ingly co­or­di­nated and ex­tended ac­tion as well as mem­ory across larger groups of peo­ple over time and space.” For ex­am­ple, around the 4th mil­len­nium BC, the com­plex­ity of trade and ad­min­is­tra­tion in Mesopotamia out­grew human mem­ory, and writ­ing be­came a more de­pend­able method of record­ing and pre­sent­ing trans­ac­tions in a per­ma­nent form. In both an­cient Egypt and Mesoamer­ica, on the other hand, writ­ing may have evolved through cal­en­dric and po­lit­i­cal ne­ces­si­ties for record­ing his­tor­i­cal and en­vi­ron­men­tal events. Fur­ther in­no­va­tions in­cluded more uni­form, pre­dictable, and widely dis­persed legal sys­tems, dis­tri­b­u­tion and dis­cus­sion of ac­ces­si­ble ver­sions of sa­cred texts, and the ori­gins of mod­ern prac­tices of sci­en­tific in­quiry and knowl­edge-con­sol­i­da­tion, all largely re­liant on portable and eas­ily re­pro­ducible forms of in­scribed lan­guage.  

In­di­vid­ual, as op­posed to col­lec­tive, mo­ti­va­tions for writ­ing in­clude im­pro­vised ad­di­tional ca­pac­ity for the lim­i­ta­tions of human mem­ory (e.g., to-do listsrecipes, re­minders, log­booksmaps, the proper se­quence for a com­pli­cated task or im­por­tant rit­ual), dis­sem­i­na­tion of ideas (as in an essaymono­graphbroad­sidepe­ti­tion, or man­i­festo), imag­i­na­tive nar­ra­tives and other forms of sto­ry­telling, per­sonal or busi­ness cor­re­spon­dence, and lifewrit­ing (e.g., a diary or jour­nal).

Creative Writing advice and tips from Stephen King
The Write Channel with Nicola Monaghan
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Modern importance

In many parts of the world, writ­ing has be­come an even more im­por­tant part of daily life as dig­i­tal tech­nolo­gies have helped con­nect in­di­vid­u­als from across the globe through sys­tems such as e-mail and so­cial media. Such tech­nolo­gies have brought sub­stan­tial amounts of rou­tine read­ing and writ­ing into most mod­ern workplaces. In the United States, for ex­am­ple, the abil­ity to read and write is nec­es­sary for most jobs, and mul­ti­ple pro­grams are in place to aid both chil­dren and adults in im­prov­ing their lit­er­acy skills. For ex­am­ple, the emer­gence of the writ­ing cen­ter and com­mu­nity-wide lit­er­acy coun­cils aim to help stu­dents and com­mu­nity mem­bers sharpen their writ­ing skills. These re­sources, and many more, span across dif­fer­ent age groups in order to offer each in­di­vid­ual a bet­ter un­der­stand­ing of their lan­guage and how to ex­press them­selves via writ­ing in order to per­haps im­prove their so­cioe­co­nomic sta­tus.

Other parts of the world have seen an in­crease in writ­ing abil­i­ties as a re­sult of pro­grams such as the World Lit­er­acy Foun­da­tion and In­ter­na­tional Lit­er­acy Foun­da­tion, as well as a gen­eral push for in­creased global com­mu­ni­ca­tion.

Comparative evolution from pictograms to abstract shapes, in Mesopotamian cuneiforms, Egyptian hieroglyphs and Chinese characters.

Comparative evolution from pictograms to abstract shapes, in MesopotamiancuneiformsEgyptianhieroglyphs and Chinese characters.

Writing From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Read more:


Read more:

Whether you want to become a travel writer or just want to write about your hobbies, wikiHow’s Writing category can help you be a better writer! Find helpful articles on increasing your word countadding footnotespublishing your writing, and more. The advice you need to write more effectively is just a few clicks away!


How to Write Read more:
Co-authored by Christopher Taylor, PhD

Writing can be an amazing hobby and a necessary skill. From realistic fiction to mysteries to sci-fi to poetry to academic papers, your writing is only limited by your imagination. Keep in mind that writing is a lot more than putting pen to paper: it takes reading, research, thinking, and revising. While not all writing methods work for everyone, there are some things all writers can do to boost their craft and create a comprehensive, engaging piece.



Lists of 100 best books
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Many publishers have lists of 100 best books, defined by their own criteria. This article enumerates some lists of “100 best” books for which there are fuller articles.

Among them, Science Fiction: The 100 Best Novels (Xanadu, 1985) and Modern Fantasy: The 100 Best Novels (Grafton, 1988) are collections of 100 short essays by a single author, David Pringle, with moderately long critical introductory chapters also by Pringle. For publisher Xanadu, Science Fiction was the first of four ”100 Best” books published from 1985 to 1988. The sequels covered crime and mystery, horror, and fantasy.

Read more :


Best 100 Books To Read In A Lifetime: Books –

So many books, so little time. With this in mind, the Amazon Books editors set out to compile a list of 100 Books to Read in a Lifetime. We had a few goals when we started out: We wanted the list to cover all stages of a life (which is why you’ll find children’s books in here), and we didn’t want the list to feel like homework. Of course, no such list can be comprehensive – our lives, we hope, are long and varied – but we talked and argued and sifted and argued some more and came up with a list, our list, of favorites. What do you think? How did we do?


Libraries are human collectives memory from history memorized by all means, for anybody who wants to remember and make the best meaning!

Library From Wikipedia Read more:

library is a curated collection of sources of information and similar resources, selected by experts and made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing, often in a quiet environment conducive to study. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical location or a virtual space, or both. A library’s collection can include booksperiodicalsnewspapersmanuscriptsfilmsmapsprintsdocumentsmicroformCDscassettesvideotapesDVDsBlu-ray Discse-booksaudiobooksdatabasestable gamesvideo games and other formats. Libraries range widely in size up to millions of items. The word for “library” in many modern languages is derived from Ancient Greek βιβλιοθήκη (bibliothēkē), originally meaning bookcase, via Latin bibliotheca.

The Library of the Palais Bourbon in Paris

The Library of the Palais Bourbon in Paris

Duke Humfrey's Library, Oxford, England

Duke Humfrey’s LibraryOxford, England

The first libraries consisted of archives of the earliest form of writing—the clay tablets in cuneiform script discovered in Sumer, some dating back to 2600 BC. Private or personal libraries made up of written books appeared in classical Greece in the 5th century BC. In the 6th century, at the very close of the Classical period, the great libraries of the Mediterranean world remained those of Constantinople and Alexandria. The libraries of Timbuktu were also established around this time and attracted scholars from all over the world.

A library is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, a corporation, or a private individual. Public and institutional collections and services may be intended for use by people who choose not to—or cannot afford to—purchase an extensive collection themselves, who need material no individual can reasonably be expected to have, or who require professional assistance with their research. In addition to providing materials, libraries also provide the services of librarians who are experts at finding and organizing information and at interpreting information needs. Libraries often provide quiet areas for studying, and they also often offer common areas to facilitate group study and collaboration. Libraries often provide public facilities for access to their electronic resources and the Internet.



Sumerian Clay tablets library and books shelves around 3000 to 4000 years ago

British Museum, London, England, Cuneiform Tablets Display
British Museum, London, England, Cuneiform Tablets Display from Ashurbanipal: The Oldest Surviving Royal Library in the World with Over 30,000 Clay Tablets

Ashurbanipal: The Oldest Surviving Royal Library in the World with Over  30,000 Clay Tablets | Ancient Origins
Ashurbanipal: The Oldest Surviving Royal Library in the World with Over 30,000 Clay Tablets

6. Table illustrating the simplification of cuneiform signs. Illustration by Ernest A. Budge and Sir Leonard W. King, A Guide to the Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities (London: British Museum Trustees, 1922), 22.

6. Table illustrating the simplification of cuneiform signs. Illustration by Ernest A. Budge and Sir Leonard W. King, A Guide to the Babylonian and Assyrian Antiquities (London: British Museum Trustees, 1922), 22. Sumerian was spoken in the most southern part of ancient Mesopotamia. With its oldest texts dating to no later than 3000 BCE, it has the distinction of being the first attested language known to us. After its death as a spoken language, about 2000 BCE, it continued to be studied in the Mesopotamian school system for another thousand years. Sumerian literature is the oldest preserved literature in the world, and some of its compositions still have the power to move us today.
Daily Life And Social Structure | Ancient sumer, Ancient mesopotamia,  Ancient history
Mesopotamia Daily Life And Social Structure

The Great Library of Alexandria, O. Von Corven, 19th century
Lost Treasure of the Alexandria Library – Ancient Mysteries – Full Documentary Wisdom Land
The Royal Library of Alexandria, or Ancient Library of Alexandria, in Alexandria, Egypt, was probably the largest, and certainly the most famous, of the libraries of the ancient world. It flourished under the patronage of the Ptolemaic dynasty, and functioned as a major center of scholarship, at least until the time of Rome’s conquest of Egypt, and probably for many centuries thereafter.
Library of Alexandria The Great Library of Alexandria in Alexandria, Egypt, was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world. The Library was part of a larger research institution called the Mouseion, which was dedicated to the Muses, the nine goddesses of the arts.
The Great Library of Alexandria, O. Von Corven, 19th century
The Great Library of Alexandria, O. Von Corven, 19th century ( Public Domain )

The Alexandria Library | A Symbol for the New Egypt | By Michael Z. Wise -  WSJ

The Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Latin ) for “Library of Alexandria”  Egyptian Arabic

Alexandria Library Information | Alexandria Library Facts | Alexandria  Library History
Adding Custom Type Definitions to a Third-Party Library | Software  Development Blog | Detroit Labs
The Book Shelf or Personal Library, To Learn, Memorize and To Remember for Shore
Public Library, To Learn, Memorize and To Remember for Shore
Supercomputer - Wikipedia
The Super Computer or The New or Future Library, To Learn, Memorize and To Remember for Shore


List of largest libraries
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This sortable list of largest li­braries in­cludes li­braries that, as mea­sured in 2008 or sub­se­quently, store 15 mil­lion or more items